Ugrás a tartalomhoz Lépj a menübe
 


The Scythian, part 3

2012.10.01

Historical overview

It is impossible to write the history of early Christianity without a thorough understanding of the political and spiritual makeup and influence of an oft-hidden world power, the Parthian Empire. For five centuries, from 256 BC until 226 AD, the Parthian Empire, or more precisely, Parthian Monarchy, encompasses the territories of Iraq, Iran and beyond and, at times, Syria and Palestine. It is in this land that Jesus' disciples, the later apostles, teach Jesus' verb. It is evident that Judeo-Christianity's deliberate omission of the apostles' activities in Parthia, as well as its silence on the details of their works and the contents of their writings are of enormous importance to the interests of Judeo-Christianity's church politics.

The customary reference to the Parthians is the Parthian Empire. However, empire in this case is a misnomer. To be precise, it is a monarchy. The Arsacid Dynasty unites and rules all the feudal principalities and kingdoms of the Parthians' territories, similar to the centralization of power (to which they gave the title, [in free translation] the "lords of the four parts of the world") their predecessors, the Sumerians achieved with the accord of their city-states. One of these is the principality of Persia (the later Sassanids). Another is the Kingdom of Adiabene. However, all of these principalities and kingdoms are under the authority of the four kings of the Arsacid Dynasty who reign as monarchs over Armenia, Parthia, Indo-Parthia and Habdal-Hunnia (White Huns), in the Caspian-Aral-Oxus region. Due to the sheer size of their land, their political and military strength, the commonality of their race, language and religious beliefs, the Parthians are known as one of the three, distinct peoples of the time: Senecce Lucious Anneus (3-65 A.D.) writes:

"The gene pools of Mankind are the Greek, the Roman, and the Parthian."

 

ts-parth1.jpg

 

Map of "Parthian Sub-Kingdoms" in 14 A.D. according to current information propagation.

West of the Parthian Empire is a much more publicized world power opposing Parthia, the Roman Empire. Here, relative ranking of contestants for power is set according to acquisition of new territory. Consequently, the Romans adopt expansionist policies. With the emergence and policies of this new world power, wars are frequent in Canaan, too, including wars among the Jewish tribes that resettle Southern Canaan after their release from Babylon, a region the Romans call Iudaea Province.

Understanding early Christianity also demands at least a quick review of the history of the region where Jesus is born. After the flood (around 5500 BC), Ut-nap-ishtim, popularly known as Noah, emerges in the region of the Ararat Mountains (Most scholars agree that the biblical flood is a rework of parts of the 3rd millennium BC Sumerian classic, Epic of Gilgamesh [Nib-Ur, biblical Nimrod], in which the Ararat Mountains is called Mount Nisir. “Gilgamesh is in reality Nimrod,” according to George Smith, Assyrian Discoveries, 1875, London). Ut-nap-ishtim's son, Canaan, along with his Sumerian people, settles on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, a region later renamed in part as (variably) Lebanon, Phoenicia, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Galilee, Samaria, Judea, and, later (1948), Israel. Here the Canaanites live peacefully according to their laws and religious beliefs; develop agriculture, fisheries and trade with their kindred in Egypt and Mesopotamia; and gradually improve their standard of living during the next 4000 years, suffering only relatively minor civic disturbances.

Then, an alien, Semitic people (led by Moses, according to the Talmud) of unknown origin (possibly Arabia), ousted from Egypt by the ruler of the 18-19th Dynasty (14-13th century BC), supposedly sets out to massacre the populations of the Canaanite cities in a historically unprecedented wave of genocide, claiming that their god told them to do so when he gave(!) them Canaan:

"When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them" (Deuteronomy 7:1-2).

The Canaanites (biblical Gog and Magog) halt the Hebrew invasion south of Sidon and gradually push the invaders back. The Bible gives an account of a certain David who is said to have committed such atrocities as the extermination of the inhabitants of entire cities, doings which turned him into the later Jews' biblical hero. It also gives an account of the Hebrews (who now call themselves Israel) carving up Canaan between a so-called “Twelve Tribes of Israel.” David's son, Salomon, becomes the king of the 12 tribes. After his death, the Kingdom of Israel splits into two; the 10 northern tribes constituting Israel, and the 2 southern tribes, Judea. However, these accounts appear to be, at best, historical fabrications written up retroactively, since no evidence of such kingdoms exist (Yigael Shiloh [Hebrew University]). Even during the so-called King Solomon's time, the region later called Galilee and Samaria separates the two supposed kingdoms, suggesting that the invading Hebrews failed to realize their plan, if any. In the 8th century BC, Sargon II occupies Samaria and deports the isolated Hebrew clans from Samaria and Galilee to the Habur river region in Media, and replaces them with people from Kuta (Kuti people, the Talmud calls them Samaritans) and other Mesopotamian cities. The ten so-called “Northern Tribes” disappear from biblical history, while the two “Southern Tribes” squat on the hill country of Southern Canaan (later Judea) as, according to Yigael Shiloh, “wondering pastoralists.”

In the 6th century BC, Nebuchadnezzar deports the Hebrews from Canaan to Babylon, Mesopotamia (biblical Babylonian Exile). The Sumerians welcome the deportees and allow them freedom to practice any religion they choose. It is here, in peaceful existence provided by a benevolent, affluent society and relative autonomy that the Hebrews conceive a new religious dictatorship, Judaism, which they retroactively write up nearly a thousand years later (200-500 AD) as the Talmud. Later, they will use their Babylonian power base to plot the overthrow of their benefactors. After the fall of Babylon in 537 BC, Cyrus allows the Jews to return to Southern Canaan—and many of them do.

By the Maccabean Period (2nd century BC), only a few isolated Jewish families live in Galilee. The last of the Jews leave Galilee when the Maccabean Simon Tharsi, after his victory over the Assyrians, gathers the remaining isolated Jewish families and, for security reasons, ships them back to Judea.

Then, in 129 BC, the first autonomous Jewish state (140-76 BC), the later Judea, occupies Samaria and, in 104 BC, Galilee as well. Aristobulus, king of Judea reigns for a year (104-103 BC) to be replaced by his half-brother, Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BC). It is during this period that Janneus “experiments” with the Judaization of the conquered territories. He forces Judaism on the population, including the forced mutilation of all captured males, young and old, in the conquered territories.

In 63-64 BC, most of Canaan falls under Roman control, though the Jewish government enjoys a high degree of autonomy in Judea under the Romans. Soon after (60 BC), the first (Roman) triumvirate is formed by Caesar, Pompeius and Crassus. Seeking to outdo Caesar, Crassus, attacks the Parthians, but a Parthian scout force intercepts the Romans and routs their 30,000-strong army at Carrhae (Harran) in 53 BC. Crassus himself is killed. The region west of the Euphrates, including Northern Canaan (Galilee, Samaria and parts of Judea), fall under Parthian control, and become provinces of the Adiabene Kingdom, named after the Parthian royal prince appointed to govern it, Nakeb Adiabene (His title as governor was Pa-Kur [lord of the mountain region], referenced in biblical writings as Pacorus). The inhabitants are freed from the yoke of Judaism, lament their mutilated sons, and resume practicing their ancient faith openly.

 

ts-parth2.jpg

 

Map of Parthian forces liberating Northern Canaan after defeating the Romans.

In 42 BC, Parthian King Bazapran, visits Adiabene province to join in the festivities planned for the wedding anniversary of its governor, Parthian Prince Nakeb Adiabene and his wife, Parthian Princess Grapte Kharax (also spelled, Charax)—whose name appears as the name of a city (and province) just south of Ur, Mesopotamia. At the same time, he reinforces Antigonus (Mathatias) of the Hasmoneus Dynasty, who becomes king of Jerusalem; and gives the Jews religious freedom. The rulers of the Parthian Empire are supporting the last descendants of the Maccabees, (the Hasmonean Dynasty) against Herod, whose oppressive policies they find so repulsive, they capture and imprison Herod's brother, Phasael, while Herod himself flees to Rome to avoid capture.

In response, Rome appoints Herod king of Jerusalem, and Roman legions land on the shores of Samaria, at Joppa to put Herod in power. Mark Anthony commands the legions, but Parthian forces repeatedly repel the Romans. However, two years later, Herod captures Jerusalem from the south via Idumea (Edom) in a bloodbath, killing large numbers of Sadducees. He also tries to force his way into Galilee, but runs into armed opposition as soon as he reaches Samaria and must sue for a peace treaty by way of the Parthian governor, Prince Adiabene.

This is the political situation in the region preceding Mary's birth. The Parthian Empire is at its peak: Its territories are no longer confined to the area that spans between the Euphrates and the Indus rivers, but include Galilee and Samaria where Prince Adiabene is governor. In light of these historical events, it is unreasonable to think of any Jewish population in Galilee until after the fall of the Jewish state and Jerusalem (2nd century AD). While it is plausible that a few Semites (Hebrews, Jews) had survived deportations, resettlement and evacuation, Galilee and Samaria are inhabited by a homogeneous Scythian (See below) population.

Mary's lineage

Referring to historical documents, we can sort out the confusion and deliberate disinformation about the Parthians in general and the identities and lives of Prince Adiabene and Princess Kharax in particular. German research concluded that the marriage of Prince Nakeb Adiabene and his wife Princess Grapte Kharax was at first childless. A Jewish merchant named Ananias, from whom the couple had bought much jewelry—among other wares—convinced the royal couple to convert to Judaism, and to pray to the god of the Jews (Yahweh, Jehovah), “who will surely bless them with an offspring.” The persuasion was successful, and Prince Adiabene is given the name Joachim in the Jewish religion, and his wife becomes Anna (names to note). The Jewish "archaeologist" Josephus Flavius writes: "the Adiabenes erected a palace in Jerusalem, and contributed a third of their annual income to the Temple of Jerusalem, and distributed another third among the poor of the Jewry." However, even after twenty years of waiting, conversion to Judaism proved to be fruitless: The couple remained childless.

At this point, the high-priests of the Temple of Jerusalem try to persuade Prince Adiabene—known to the Jews only as Joachim—to divorce his wife and take on a Jewish woman who will surely bear him a child. Prince Adiabene, however, loved his wife. The royal couple finds the Jews' suggestion so repugnant, they break all ties with Judaism and return to their original faith. Prince Adiabene entrusts his wife to his nephew, Useph (Joseph) Adiabene. (Useph lives and functions near Lake Galilee. His functions include the management and oversight of natural resources such as fisheries and forestry, so his title, Pandar [overseer] is appended to his name: He becomes known as Useph Pandar [Hungarian, pandúr: “guardian of property,” before the establishment of the Royal Hungarian Mounted Police]). Meanwhile, Prince Adiabene travels to Sippar, Mesopotamia, to look up the head of the magi, one of his teachers whom he had known since childhood. He confesses that he had prayed to the Jewish Jehovah for nearly twenty years, and had generously participated in every religious sacrifice. But despite his efforts, God had not given him a child. Then:

"The Head-magus replied: 'God glorified in Eternal Light will never do for us what we can do for ourselves, or what others can do for us. He gave us strength, ability and wisdom so we may become His allies in the maintenance of the Order of Creation, and to advocate and practice His glorification by way of the Light of Knowledge. Your wife, Princess Grapte's family has enjoyed physical and intellectual health throughout generations. Take her to the magus-woman midwife Ywissa, our best physician for helping childless women, and you will see that your wife, Princess Grapte, will give birth, since she is still of childbearing age.'

Prince Adiabene then replied:

'You are my father's good friend. I will accept your advice and promise, that if our God blesses us with a child, boy or girl, I will place him or her in His service.' And he took his wife to the midwife Ywissa. And all happened just as the Head-magus of Sippar said. One year later, Princess Grapte gave birth to their daughter, Mary-Miriam." (The above are from Wehrli-Frey's book, Jesat Nassar genennt Jesus Christus, Drei Eichen Verlag, München, 1965.)

And this little girl, as we shall see, is far more than just the long-awaited child of a royal couple, promised to be raised in God's service. This German writer, however, is trying to derive Mary and Jesus from Aryan ancestry by relying on historical fallacy. He claims that Parthia was a province of Alexandre's empire around 350 BC, and therefore, the Parthians were Aryans. However, he neglects to take into account Sebeos' historical findings—History of Heraclius, Page 10. 1850, Constantinople—which state: "In the fourteenth year of Antiochus' regime, the Parthians shook off the Macedonian yoke, and the son of the Euthalite (White Huns, also Hephthalites, Hunas) king became their ruler to whom all peoples of East and North Asia soon paid homage." Therefore, at the time of Mary's birth, it is the Parthians who are identified by history as Dahae, Sakas, Massagetae, Sarmatian, Scythian, and Hun. They express their collective spirituality according to the teachings of the so-called Magus Faith or, another frequently (mis)used name for their religious observances, Zoroastrianism (Reverence of Light)—the two are not the same. They build their churches on mountain tops, hills and high grounds, where people gather and direct their supplications to the Virgin of Light (Inanna, Istar, Astare, Astoret, Anahita), and to the Son of Light (Bal, Mitra). So the creed of the original people of Adiabene's province—called Galilee—and the faith and religious convictions of the Parthian "Magi who came from the East" is one and the same, and excludes all ideologies of Judaism.

We also have information on the Adiabene family from Jewish sources. One of Judaism's literary products desecrating Mary and Jesus appeared during the post-Talmud era titled, Toledot Jesu (also Toledot Yeshu). In this writing, the Jewish author references a high-ranking personage of Adiabene's royal family as "Jesus' relative, who wanted to save him from crucifixion."

Prince Adiabene and Princess Kharax do not live to see their daughter, Mary reach adulthood. History has yet to reveal the circumstances of their death, but we know there is no love lost between the royal couple and Herod, and legends suggest that the Galilean governor, known as Pacorus is in Herod's way. Therefore, it is quite possible (though it remains to be proven—or refuted) that Herod has the royal couple assassinated. Whatever the circumstances of their deaths, Princess Mary Adiabene-Kharax inherits her parents considerable estate, including their royal palace in Jerusalem where she resides form time to time to look after her estate in and around Jerusalem. It is during one of these stays that the Jews try to put their hands on her wealth by way of a crafty maneuver.

To understand the following events, it is necessary to keep three relevant details in mind:

      1. The royal couple, Prince Adiabene and his wife, Princess Kharax, are known among the Jews as Joachim and Anna, the names they were given at the time they temporarily took on Judaism in the hope that the Jewish god will give them an offspring. Therefore, the names Joachim and Anna in Jewish scriptures refer to Prince Adiabene and Princess Kharax.

      2. Mary, an adolescent royal orphan known to the Jews as Miriam, and Herod's wife (who had converted to the Jewish faith along with Mary's parents) are on friendly terms and see each other regularly. It is during one of these social encounters (presumed to be at Mary's royal palace in Jerusalem—based on the dialog that follows) that the attempt on Mary takes place.

      3. Joseph Pandar is Useph Adiabene.

The "Jewish Legend" relates this attempt. In the Gospel of Pseudo-Mathew, we read Abiatar, the Jewish high-priest asking the temple council to deliver Miriam (the Jews' name for Mary), daughter of Joachim and Anna, to Rabbi Seth because his son wants to marry her. Quoting further from this text, the following scam attempt emerges:

"The wife of Rabbi Seth seeks and is granted an audience with Miriam-Mary, where she says:

'Everyone knows of your goodwill, dear Miriam. We know that you help everyone. My son would like to ask of you a great assistance but, since he is not good in the use of words, he put his request in 'writing' and would like to give that writing to you."

'Well then, let him give it to me,' says Mary.

Just as the rabbi's son is ready to hand the written "request" to Mary, two witnesses from behind him step forward to 'witness the event.' Mary reaches for the document, when Herod's wife, Mariamne, grabs Mary's hand and says to her:

'Do not touch it, Mary, because these people are cheaters. That is not a 'request,' but a marriage contract. Once you touch it, you will never be able to free yourself from its binding power, and Yohanan will be in control of your wealth.

Mary clasped her hands over her heart, and spoke out angrily to the rabbi's family and the two unknowns regarding the audacity of their trickery:

'Have you come here to entrap me in the web of your deceit and to maliciously ruin me with your deceitful words by exploiting my generosity? ...Leave at once: I never want to see you again.'

By the time Mary spoke these words, Joseph Pandar already stood beside her, and evicted the repugnant delegation.

Rabbi Seth then ran to Queen Helena and demanded the registration of his son's "Mekadesh marriage" claiming that Miriam took into her hand the written contract in the presence of two witnesses. Queen Helena then ordered him to 'bring forth the two witnesses.' However, despite a frantic search by the priests of the Temple of Jerusalem to locate the witnesses, they were nowhere to be found.

And so Queen Helena, Herod's wife, Mariamne, Salome and Tryve met, and unanimously agreed that Mary will be under constant threat of such trickery whenever she is in Jewish-controlled territory, and that it would be wise for her to choose a protector for herself to preempt similar attempts.

Fortunately, Joseph Pandar was also present during this meeting, and since Mary did not want to even hear of anyone "marrying her off," he suggested that he will seek protection for Mary from the Parthian ruler. This suggestion scared Queen Helena, and she suggested that they bring into the discussion Mary's mentor since childhood, a woman everyone called simply Hanna the women prophet, and seek her advice in stead.

Mary and Hanna excused themselves to discuss the situation. At the end of their discussion, Hanna said:

'Come daughter of God. Let us do everything we need to do to accomplish God's will.'

...without further discussion of the matter, Mary stepped forward and, with solemn resolve, announced her decision in total spiritual accord with her mentor:

'The child chosen by the Great Almighty thanks you for your advice, and will choose a protector for herself herewith.'

A great silence came over the gathering, and Mariamne's two sons, the two Herod princes, tip-toed into the hall. Then Mary said:

'My dear relatives and faithful friends who wish my welfare: Accept my decision with kindness and benevolence when, here, in your presence, I announce that I Mary, known here as the daughter of Joachim and Anna, in the name of the Almighty God, hereby choose and ask my blood-relative Useph Pandar to be my guardian and to protect me from all my potential enemies. In your presence, I give him my hand as a sign of my respect and authority.'

She, then extended her hand to Joseph Pandar. Joseph Pandar broke the silence by stepping up to Mary, knelt in front of her, took her hand, kissed it, and put it on his head saying:

'Dear Mary, I am not worthy of such great honor. But I consider and accept your decision as a divine calling for me to be your faithful servant and guardian for as long as I live. May our Almighty God help us make it so... In the province where I am the Pandar, I can surely guarantee Mary's safety and welfare. But, here, in Jerusalem, though we are foreigners, we are subjected to the laws of the Temple of Jerusalem. I want to prevent any more surprise attempts on Mary such as that perpetrated by the wife of Rabbi Seth on her son's behalf. Therefore, I want to execute the same "Mekadesh marriage" contract Rabbi Seth's son wanted to fraudulently accomplish, and to ask King Herod's [adopted] sons, here present, to witness this deed.'

'Mary: Herewith I extend to you the contract, by which I officially take you as my wife according to local laws, the laws of the Temple of Jerusalem. Take into your hand the document of this deed.'

...then, later:

'Rabbi Simon: I ask you, as the prince of the synagogue, to record, by your own hand, this marriage into your temple's registry.'

Later, Herod has his wife and her two sons executed—though his reasons are subjects of debates.

In light of Wehrli-Frey's research, where Joachim and Anna are in fact Prince Adiabene and Princess Kharax, the above sequence of events becomes clear:

      1. Mary is the orphan teen-age daughter of Prince Adiabene and Princess Kharax;

      2. Mary has substantial property in Jerusalem, which includes her royal palace;

      3. Mary's husband by local civilian law is Useph (Joseph) Pandar Adiabene;

      4. Useph Adiabene wants the Parthian ruler to protect Mary from the Jews;

      5. Useph Adiabene is concerned that he can protect Mary only in his jurisdiction, Adiabene (Galilee), but not in Jewish-controlled Jerusalem.

However, we do not find any reference to any carpenter named Joseph as Mary's husband. As the matter of fact, we cannot find any trace of a carpenter named Joseph anywhere in history. Even in the Bible, all we have are brief references to a certain Joseph by the evangelists Matthew and Mark, neither of whom ever met either Jesus, Mary, Useph Pandar or the elusive carpenter, Joseph. Considering that Christians believe this carpenter to be Mary's husband and Jesus' provider, the gospels do not say much about him or his background. What we do find, is an interesting link between the words “carpenter” and “Nazareth,” a link we must digress for a moment to explore.

The respected British researcher, M.F. Albright, has determined that, in Jesus' time, the place the Bible calls Nazareth is in fact a community called Magharet, located a mere 5 kilometers from Mount Tabor, and that it became Nazareth only through “biblical creativity.” This is where Useph Adiabene functions in his capacity as overseer, of which the Jews are aware. We also know that, according to Josephus, "the Jews always hated the Galileans," and that they ridiculed everyone and everything that was not Jewish. One example of such ridicule is the word Galilee, a disparaging word for galil ha-goiim, (Goutim, Kuti, Scythians) heathens, mentioned earlier. Another is the person and the title of Useph Pandar: Since his function in the town of Magharet included the management of forestry and forest products, the Jews nicknamed him "Magharet naggar," meaning "carpenter of Magharet." That the word naggar means carpenter and is disparaging is confirmed in the Talmud:

"...during the argument concerning this matter, Rabbis Jirmeja and Seseth say: 'I am neither a naggar nor the son of a naggar, but I will explain this matter, ...this word, naggar, originally means carpenter'" (50.b).

That is how Prince Useph (Joseph) Pandar of the Adiabene royal family becomes Christianity's "Joseph the carpenter" and Magharet becomes the biblical Nazareth.

And so we find the sources of both the "Joseph the carpenter" and the non-existent town of Nazareth inventions mentioned in the Bible. We also find vast amounts of text ridiculing the Adiabene royal family. That alone, the tremendous effort put forth to ridicule the Adiabenes, suggests that discrediting this royal family must be very important to Jews and Judeo-Christianity.

But let us get back to Mary. After the registration of Mary's marriage to Useph Adiabene, Mary and her entourage return home to their palace in Scythopolis (See below). Mary and Hanna are to remain here, while Useph prepares to resume his work. But a great surprise and gathering awaits Mary. A high-ranking visitor had already arrived and is looking for her:

"Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth; to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin's name was Mary" (Luke 1:26-27).

Overlooking for the moment the already discussed “Nazareth” and “descendant of David” fabrications, let us see what we can find out about this “angel Gabriel” Luke is referring to. In cuneiform writing GAB-RI-EL is a compound word which means "Derived from God's breast" (GAB, breast; RI, of, from; EL, God). Gabriel is a well-known name in Magi tradition. It is the name of the Archmagus based at magi headquarters in Sippar, on the bank of the Euphrates river of the Parthian Empire. Therefore, it is very likely that this Gabriel travels from Sippar to Scythopolis (Bethshaan) since his position in Sippar permits travel only in extraordinary circumstances. And it seems quite appropriate to call this distinguished white-haired gentleman God's earthly messenger (angel), if we like.

Gabriel's words and manner of approach to Mary have been preserved in traditions:

"This is the happiest journey of my life, Mary; that I may come to you and bring you the Divine Message I was entrusted to deliver, the secret of secrets. Our Mighty God has shown me this in the Book of Heavens. At the place where your stars are, the Book speaks of your calling, of your purpose, because the crest of the New Moon shines beneath the feet of the Morning Star, and the planet of truth is their crown. You are the Virgin Morning Star landed on Earth. The Son of God who brings the New Light, whose mother you will be, is conceived in your womb. Sense within your spirit the will of our God, because, within you comes to life the Son of God, in accordance with the laws of earthly incarnation. But he will come into the world from your womb by miracle, as the fulfillment of God's promise that he will be born of a virgin mother, just as it had been since eternity. On the day of his birth, the Panther Star from beyond the world will also arrive to augment the light of the earthly planets, lighting up the heavens to a level never before seen and thereby signal the arrival of the Son of God on Earth."

Although the above is but a tradition, the words quoted remain to this day as symbols on icons and paintings. The Virgin Mary is most often shown standing above the crest of the New-Moon. It is to note that Mary is called the Morning Star, a name Jesus also uses to refer to himself.

Mary's faith

It is common knowledge that different faiths have different expectations of their gods. Jews hanker for a political ruler from Heaven and, since their religion acknowledges only a male god—as a matter of fact, the Hebrew language does not even have a term for a female deity—such personage would have to be male. By contrast, Sumerian-Scythians believe in a Virgin Mother, or Queen of Heaven. Judeo-Christianity fallows Jewish male chauvinism by excluding female deities, though it acknowledges Jesus' mother, Mary, in a lesser role. However, in an attempt to derive Jesus from the Jews, it tries to force a Jewish ancestry onto Mary. Any questions about her lineage is settled simply by a priestly dictum: "Mary was a Jew.” Period. So let us research Church documents regarding this dictum.

We find Jerome's (died 420 AD) letter addressed to Heliodorus and in it, those items he calls Book about the birth of Mary, one of the Apocryphal Gospels. In Chapter I he states: "Mary was born in the city of Nazareth, and educated in the temple of the Lord. Her father's name was Joachim, and her mother's, Anna. The family of her father was of Galilee and the city of Nazareth. The family of her mother was of Bethlehem." So, here we find that Mary's father is a Galilean, and her mother is from Bethlehem. Since by now, we know that Bethlehem is in Galilee, she too is a Galilean. Therefore, both of Mary's parents live in the land of "people of other faiths," and Mary was most likely born here.

Then, in Chapter IV, we read:

And when the three years were expired and the time of her weaning complete, they brought the Virgin to the temple of the Lord with their offerings. And there were about the temple, according to the fifteen Psalms of degrees, fifteen stairs to ascend. For the temple was built on a mountain, and the altar of burnt-offering outside and could not be come near but by stairs..."

Here, the information of special interest is "temple was built on a mountain." Let us see what the Bible says about temples built on mountains, the biblical "high places":

    • "...drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their figured stones, and destroy all their molten images and demolish all their high places" (Numbers 33:52).

    • "Behold, I Myself am going to bring a sword on you, and I will destroy your high places. So your altars will become desolate and your Sun-pillars will be smashed; and I will make your slain fall in front of your idols" (Ezekiel 6:3-4).

    • "Destroyed the altars of foreign gods and high places, tore down the sacred idols, cut down the Asherim" (2 Chronicles 14:3).

And so we could continue with other examples and conclude that temples and sanctuaries built on mountains, "high places" are not the churches of Jews' god, but belong to the Canaanites and other Sumerian peoples. We can say with certainty that they are churches of the Sumerians' faith the Jews want to demolish. Consequently, if Mary is taken to such a church, she cannot have been “educated in the temple” of the Jews' god. Further, because of their low status in Jewish society, Jewish females are only permitted to set foot in atria; and there is not a single Jewish sanctuary, church or religious institution, in Jerusalem or anywhere else, where Jewish females of any age are educated. Therefore, Mary could have been raised only in an institution of the ancient Sumerian faith. This conclusion also suggests that Mary's parents are "people of other faiths."

And there are other serious problems with Jerome's priestly dictum: Nowhere can we find a synagogue or, for that matter, any Jewish establishment in any "Nazareth." As the mater of fact, nowhere can we find a place called Nazareth anywhere before the 3rd century AD (American archaeologist, James Strange). The Jewish "historian," Josephus Flavius, does not mention any Nazareth among the 45 Jewish settlements and congregations; nor is it mentioned in the Old Testament, the Apocrypha or any early rabbinic literature. It is not included in the list of twelve towns and six villages, the tribal settlements of Zebulun (Joshua 19:10-16); and it is not among the 63 towns of Galilee mentioned in the Talmud. In light of this reality, we can be certain there are neither Jewish religious life nor Jewish churches in a non-existent “city of Nazareth” at the time of Mary's childhood. Hence, Mary could have been raised only in a church of the "people of other faiths."

History provides ample documentation to formulate the assumption that Mary is of Parthian-Scythian descent. Consequently, her son's biological aspect also points to the teaching of a faith and religious morality directly opposed to Jewish ideology. That opposition was apparently felt and resented by the Jews, as Josephus writes: "The Jews always hated the Galileans." Here, our investigation leads us to an interesting twist if we examine a few documents regarding Jesus' background:

    1. Werner Keller, in his book—released in nearly every language—references this event when he tells us that the magi, traveling to greet Jesus and arriving from the East, came from the Institute of Astronomy in Sippar, Mesopotamia; and that the German scholar, Schnabel, read records that can be connected to Jesus' birth from one of the cuneiform writings found in that ancient city (Y la Biblia tiene razon. Edicion Omega 1957, Page 348-9). At the time of Jesus' birth, the Parthian Empire is at its peak and is Rome's archenemy. The Parthians have defeated the attacking Roman Legions three times. This huge empire stretches from the Euphrates to the Indus, and assures its people's peace and wellbeing for 500 years. For decades before Jesus' birth, Galilee and Samaria have been also under Parthian authority during the governorship of Parthian Prince Adiabene. It is also common knowledge that the Parthian kings rebuilt their destroyed Sumerian cities, and nursed their ancient Sumerian traditions. In light of the above, we can state with certainty that during Jesus' time, Sumerian cuneiform literature was not yet hidden under the sand, and that the main citadels of Sumerian science (Nippur, Ur, Uruk, Kis, Mari, etc.) existed. And one of these was the Institute of Astronomy of Sippar, whence the magi (reportedly) left for their pilgrimage to Jesus.

    2. Next to Mary's name, we always find the Greek word Parthenos. Many people translate the meaning of this word to Parthian, though, according to students of the Bible, the correct translation from Greek is virgin. Perhaps the correct concept this Greek word defines is "Parthian virgin."

    3. We read in Acts of Pilate (9.3) that the Jews, fully aware that the Parthians are Rome's archenemies, argue their accusation of Jesus to Pilate stating that the magi came from the East to greet not the king of the Jews but their own king: "We know that Caesar is king, and not Jesus. For assuredly the magi brought gifts to him as to a king."

Considering the above, the logical conclusion is that:

    1. Mary could not have been Semite, Hebrew or Jewish either by birth or by rearing, and,

    2. She could only have been Galilean-Scythian-(See below)-Sumerian.

The Scythians, the biblical “people of other faiths”

But who exactly are these "people of other faiths?" In the above referenced dialog between Jesus and the Jews regarding Jesus' lineage, Jesus, refers to Psalm (of David) 110 where "David calls him his Lord," and, in turn, asks the Jews: "... then how can he be his son?" (Luke 20:41-44). But Jesus, referring to Psalm 110, also says something else: If Jesus calls himself "David's Lord" in one part of the Psalm, then the part, "You are a priest forever according to the Order of Melchizedek," also refers to Jesus. Saul-Paul, in apparent ignorance of Melchizedek's Sumerian faith, assumes that he was a Jew when he calls Jesus "high priest forever according to the Order of Melchizedek" in his letter to the Jews (Hebrews 6:20). According to these sources, then, Jesus descends from Melchizedek's kin and, as we shall see, so does his mother. So let us research Melchizedek's clan.

"And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God" (Genesis 14:18).

Saul-Paul's letter, referenced above, calls Melchizedek king of Salem:

"This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High" (Hebrews 7:1).

The place of which Melchizedek was king, however, is ill-defined. Jewish commentators claim that Salem is Jerusalem. But (earlier) archaeological evidence says otherwise: Jerome maintains that the Salem of Melchizedek is not Jerusalem, but a town near Scythopolis, and identifies it with the place where John baptized. In fact, the ruins of the Palace of Melchizedek were (then) still visible, and the site was a pilgrim destination. Such physical evidence undercuts any speculation to the contrary. Since it is highly unlikely that a community some eight Roman miles from a city the size of Scythopolis would have its own king with a stature worthy of so much reference, the reasonable conclusion is that Melchizedek was a king who reigned over his people from his palace in the suburbs of Scythopolis.

Here, we are already among Scythian kindred, that is, in the region of Scythopolis, about twenty-six miles from Bethlehem, Galilee. It is here that Melchizedek, "the high priest of God," once lived and functioned; and just as Jesus did later, gave bread and wine to his faithful in accordance with his own religious rites. Further, according to Greek Mythology, Bar-Kus was raised by nymphs here, in Scythopolis, and it is here that he planted the famous vineyards. This mythological account brings Scythopolis even closer to the Scythian people because Bar-Kus is Nib-Ur's (Nimrod) name in Greek, and the Scythians considered Nib-Ur (Nimrod) their patriarch.

A high level of mental discipline is needed not to be fooled by various biblical writings referencing the Order of Melchizedek. They explicitly emphasize that "he was not a Jew," but a king of a "people who had their own religion." Their teachers, the magi of the Order of Melchizedek lead the Scythians toward the Holy Trinity of Light according to the Scythians' belief. This is why Bit-Lah-Mi (Bethlehem) had received its name, "Home of the Virgin of Light" much earlier: Scythian teaching foretells the birth of the human Mother of God's Son coming to Earth, here, in this town. And that is precisely what happens thousands of years later.

When Badiny mentions these prophecies, he is first of all referring to the many cuneiform-written predictions from the Sumerian city, Mari, which mention "a divine visit appearing in human form." The Uruk Oracle (2000 BC) speaks similarly: It mentions the visit by the Mother Goddess. Similar prophecies written during the middle of the second millennium BC were found in Ugarit, Palestine. In the study of Jesus' teaching, he underlines and emphasizes a very important fact: Melchizedek's name in the cuneiform records originating from the Kassita-kusita era, is written in the same language as the names Bit-Sa-An, Scythopolis, "House of Heaven faces" and Bit-Lah-Mi, Bethlehem, "House of the Virgin of Light." In this language, Melchizedek appears as Milki-Ilu meaning the "God of Truth." Since this is the name by which Jesus called the Father who sent him to Earth, Badiny ponders the likelihood of Jesus referring to the Scythian king, Milki-Ilu as his biological ancestor (Some believe Milki-Ilu was one of several earlier incarnation of En-Lil [Jesus])—others being Nib-Ur and Gudea.

Among the other non-Semitic peoples of Galilee in Mary's and Jesus' time are the descendants of Sumerians whom the "Great Assyrian King" resettled in Galilee and Samaria from Babylon, Kut, Hamath, and Sepharvaim in place of the deported Hebrews:

"Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities" (2 Kings 17:24).

And, here, the well-known orientalist and scholar (e.g., archeology, linguistics) W.F. Albright, provides for us a very important piece of evidence regarding the identity of these people: He identifies Sepharvaim as Sippar, whence, according to Werner Keller, the Parthian magi came to Jesus' cradle. These people have kept their old faith, the magi's reverence of Light, as recited in the prayers of several Christian religions: "According to the Order of Melchizedek."

Considering the above, it is safe to say that Scythopolis was the city of the people of Galilee and Samaria the Greeks called Scythians, and that Milki-Ilu (Melchizedek) was their king. So let us research these so-called “Scythians.” Oppressed intellectuals behind the Iron Curtain used to whisper among themselves, “the past is unpredictable,” in reference to artful historical propaganda, a perpetual campaign of deceit, financed (mostly) by the American Jewry and implemented by the progeny of the Russian Jewish Blank family, Vladimir Lenin, to control the masses. In our research, we run across contemporary educational material in which we recognize the same “artwork” as recurring patterns in the web of deceit the Jewry has been spinning for 45 centuries. One of its trademarks is misrepresentation of peoples, a fraud exemplified by the West's definition of the Scythians—the Greeks' name for Magyar (biblical Magog), Hun peoples—variably referred to as Huns, Iranians, Turanians and Asians. Western literature typically defines them as nomadic warrior tribes of uncertain origin who wandered on the steppes of Asia on horseback in the 7-3rd century BC and traded their grain with the Greeks for gold until they disappeared from history after being conquered by the Sarmatians. So let us look at a few of these descriptors, starting with the Scythians' origin.

According to the Isfahan Codex, the Huns trace their origin back 28,000 years (Detre, 2004, 2005), while Grover S. Krantz, anthropologist at Washington State University, writes that the distribution of the Magyar language allows only one explanation, namely, that this language family, already established in Hungary by the Early Neolithic” (c.10,000 BC), spreads east (as the ice retreats). Therefore, the language of the people who live in, and east of the Carpathian Basin, according to Krantz, is Magyar, “the oldest in-place language of all of Europe,” as he puts it. Krantz' claim is supported by—among others—a stick fragment found in the 15-20,000 year old layer of the Carpathian Basin (Jankovich Cave, Bajót, Hungary) which clearly shows carved symbols recognized as Hungarian runic script (Freidrich, Klára, Selected Studies in Hungarian History, 2008, p.303). Examination of racial and cultural markers—other than language—of the early inhabitants of central Eurasia also points to a homogeneous people by exclusion: Anthropological and archaeological evidence shows an unbroken, substantially uniform race and culture dating back to at least the Linear Band Ceramics culture (5700 BC), centered in the Carpathian Basin (T. Douglas Price et al., 2001). Thousands of years later, the 3rd century BC Babylonian historian, Berossos, links the Magyars' mythological patriarch, Nib-Ur (Nimrod) to the Scythians. Later still, emissaries arriving at the king's court in the Carpathian Basin for the 1554 Székey National Conclave still call the Hungarians “Hun-Scythians.” According to these sources—and others—the homogeneous indigenous peoples of central Eurasia have an unbroken past dating back to at least the Early Neolithic; are called Huns, Hun-Scythians and Hungarians; and speak and write the Magyar language.

Marton, Veronica gives us a fairly accurate picture of the Scythians' origin and location, with concentration on the Near East (The History of the Chaldean-Sumerian People: Selected Studies in Hungarian History, 2008, p. 575-576). (Abstract) The following is a verbatim quotation from her work, including her sources [in square brackets]:

1. The Old Stone Age (c. between 1.200.00-8000 B.C.) [Vértes, László: Kavics Ösvény and Gáborné, Csánk Vera: Az ősember Magyarországon, Gondolat, Budapest, 1980]

In 1965, in Vértesszőlős, in Hungary, archeologists found the skull-bone and remains of an erect tool-making ancient man (archantropus) from the later phase of the Paleolithic, together with his habitat, footprint and stone tools. According to astronomical chronology he was about 400-450 thousand years old.

One of the oldest, erect beings, who can be called human, is this so-called Vértesszőlős man who lived during the later phase of the Paleolithic (c. 1,200,000-200,000), who migrated from the Carpathian Basin, today's Hungary, to all parts of the world. According to P. V. Tobias, anthropologist, the paleanthropus is a direct descendant of the Vértesszőlős man and his descendant, the Homo sapeins.

The vast majority of the Paleolithic man had a refined stature and belonged to an anthropologically already specialized race... Around the end of this epoch... different ... racial types, ethnic types began to evolve—the forerunners of today's races and ethnic types.” The era of the Ancient Man lasted 30,000 years from early 80,000 B.C. “During the last interglacial, warm period, a series of new cultures matured. They lay hidden and then, all of a sudden come to full bloom, as in a green-house... In biological development we know of such hidden states, which are followed by the 'revolutionary' cycle of evolution. Genotypes that have not changed for a long period of generations, almost in an explosive manner, bring forth new genotypes within a few generations... The evolution branched off quickly and unexpectedly.” This is the culture that is called Neanderthal type or, after its French archeological site, Moustierian, although it should be named after Vértesszőlős.

The last warm period before the last glaciation—the beginning of the mid-Paleolithic—is the age of the real ancient man. Around 70,000 they were already ... intelligent human beings, on par with us and they wondered as hunters in Europe and the Near East. Their outer appearance still differed from today's people, but their life-style and culture were much more advanced than we may think... They used stone tools which appear simple ... and hunted.”

Following the lead of the Hungarian archeologists, Miklós Gábori, Mrs. Vera Gábori Csánk, Dr. Gyula László and also the American anthropologist Grover S. Krantz, one can state with confidence that the eastern connection with the Carpathian Basin already existed in the Paleolithic!

2. Intermediary Paleolithic (c. 8000-5500 B.C.) [From the works of Colin Renfrew—Paul Bahn: Régészet, Bp. 1999., Osiris]

In the Near East, between 8000-5500 B.C., in the intermediary Paleolithic, the ancient man of the Near East had already given up his hunting, gathering, fishing life-style and had changed to a hunting-nomadic life. The change of life-style resulted in domesticating and catching such animals, with which he was able to cover greater distances and he was also able to settle down.

In the intermediary Paleolithic, the so called “Neolithic Revolution” did not bring a quick change but it resulted in a long evolutionary process lasting several thousand years. The first settlements were formed. The earlier hunters worked on the land, domesticated animals, grew cereal plants and started a primitive form of commerce. Their settlements were unearthed in three archeological sites, in Jarmo, Jerico and Catal Hülyük. [Professional literature is not uniform concerning the age of the above settlements. Jermo can be connected with the earliest agriculture and animal husbandry and still they believe Jerico to be the oldest. In every chronology (if it is mentioned at all) Jarmo is mentioned in the first place, Jerico follows and finally Catal Hülyük. (MV)]

The first settlement—Jarmo—of the so called Pre-ceramic Age was excavated south of Kirkuk (Western Iraq). “Here not only the domesticated cereal plants (spelt, barley, peas and lentils) were found but they were also able to identify their transitional forms.” This is the earliest settlement where the inhabitants practiced agriculture.

Jerico is the territory of today's Israel but, in Paleolithic and Neolithic times, there were no traces of Semitic or, to be more precise, Jewish populations. Archeological finds of this age are the products of the Vértesszőlős (Neanderthal)-type man. Their direct descendants were the human groups of the Scythian race. (Semites appeared here only at the turn of 3,000-2,000 B.C., but by the centuries after Christ, they completely replaced the Scythian indigenous population.)

Marton then traces the Scythians in 14 stages from the Neolithic and early Copper Age to the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 BC. (An outline of the history of the Scythians in the Near East from the Flood to Mary's birth was covered under Historical overview, above).

Next, let us look at the “nomadic warrior tribes” descriptors. The West likes to use the trendy terms, “nomadic” and “tribe“ to describe peoples it would like to hide but cannot. But it often gets tangled up in its own web. Its “historians” define the Scythians as nomads, but then contradict themselves by claiming that the Scythian “tribes” traded grain with the Greeks for gold. They seem to forget that grain production depends on farming, an activity that precludes any sort of nomadic lifestyle. (The Kőrös Culture, a settled farming society, is already established in the Carpathian Basin by the 7th millennium BC.) A more likely explanation for the movement of people is transportation (wheeled wagons have been found in 3rd millennium BC strata) of raw materials and civilian and military goods and supplies; control and administration of their vast land; and seasonal activities related to livestock husbandry and farming. There are also several problems with the Scythians trading their grain with the Greeks for gold claim—though one example should suffice: Huge quantities of gold artifacts are found throughout Scythia, many of which predate the Greeks (Scythia has an abundance of gold deposits). For example, an arm from the throne of a 7th century BC Scythian king is evidence of (by then) an advanced civilization that flourishes during a time when the Greeks do even yet exist (as a people).

The “warrior” adjective is probably appropriate, but only to a degree. Considering the dispersion of their population over a wide area, protection of crops, livestock, farms and transportation routes, both domestic and to the Far East, depends on security provided by an effective military presence, garrisoned at key points. And “tribes,” of course, is but a subtle way to say “primitive.”

The “conquered by Sarmatians” claim is perhaps the most absurd. If we examine the race, ethnicity, traditions, customs, language, the place and time of the Scythians and the Sarmatians, as described by Herodotus (and others, e.g., Indians, Chinese), it is self-evident that the two names refer to the same people. Since a people cannot conquer itself, this claim is pure nonsense. Since all of these findings (and more) have been available to scholars for some time, the logical conclusion is that the history of the Scythians in today's Western educational material is deliberately falsified.

Other researchers, however, paint a different picture. They show the Scythians, centered in the Carpathian Basin, as a highly advanced civilization with a mature written language, laws and beliefs established over many thousands of years. Led by their magi, they enjoy a high standard of living assured by an effective confederacy that promotes agriculture, industry, the arts and sciences, and protects person and property with a well-organized, trained and equipped military. These magi (singular magus, from Hungarian mag, seed, high, derived from itself, sublime), wise men and women, scientists, astronomers, doctors, pharmacists, philosophers and teachers all in one, teach the secrets of Nature, health and life, and predict cosmic events from their astronomical observations (The magi are often referred to as culture-heroes such as the legendary Celtic King Arthur and the Maya Hun-Hun-apu (Hunaphu) father of Hun-Chowen, the patron of artisans, and Hun-Batz, patron of writing [apu, is father in Hungarian]). Their scientific world-view was far superior to today's: They not only knew a more complete system of natural laws than we know today, but the first principles, too: physics, biology, and what we today call psychology. We know from John Dayton that all known metal Ages originate in the hub of the Scythian civilization, the Carpathian Basin (Metals, Minerals, Glazing and Man, London, 1978). For example, the Bronze Age is already well established the Carpathian Basin by the end of the 6th millennium BC, as evidenced by a 5000 BC bronze adze, inscribed in Hun runic script, found in Torontal county. Three thousand years before the Bronze Age reaches Western Europe, the Scythians are already producing gold and bronze artifacts, treasures rivaled only (later) by Egypt in number, quality and artistic value (see below) (The panther-head throne arm and other gold artifacts depicting a panther are especially noteworthy because the Archmagus Gabriel calls the star “...arriving from beyond the world on the day of his [Jesus'] birth” the Panther Star, which “will also arrive to augment the light of the earthly planets, lighting up the heavens to a level never before seen and thereby signaling the arrival of the Son of God on Earth.” Further, Nib-Ur [Nimrod] literally means “Panther-Lord”).

The Scythians maintain civil and military control over an area that spans continents, as well as historic cultural, trade and diplomatic ties with India and China. Like all societies, they, too, have their share of internal civil disturbances, disputes, criminal activity and problems with illegal squatters and aggressive outsiders. Nevertheless, they maintain internal order, and peace with their neighbors to whom they introduce such beliefs as an invisible benevolent Creator divinity symbolized by the sun, and the concept of the Holy Crown “who” unites people sharing a common culture into nations (Hungarians consider their Holy Crown a person, the supreme sovereign to whom kings swear oaths of allegiance). Grandpierre says, the Scythians are known in 2nd millennium BC India (citing the Puranic Encyclopedia, 1989, p. 667) as the Maghadi people of Saga and their Magi as Maga, while their language is called Maghori. The Scythian magi establish the first monarchy in China, the Xia Dynasty, named after the Xia Hun nation whose king, Huang Di, founds the Chinese civilization in the 3rd millennium BC. V. H. Mair, Professor of Chinese Language and Literature proves that the “Chinese” word for scholar of natural sciences, and philosopher magus, is of Central-Asian origin; and Harper (1995) says the teachings of the magi were important, primarily in the [Chinese] royal religion. The Scythians already write their prayers on clay amulets in the 8-7th millennium BC (Tatárlaka), build their first churches by the 6th millennium BC, and the “Scythian Stone Circles,” similar to Stonehenge, in 4800 BC – 500 AD. 4th millennium BC amulets found in Egyptian graves attest to the presence of Scythian (Chaldean) magi during the creation of Egypt's culture; and Scythians found the first civilizations in Mesopotamia where they also introduce writing (Jemdet Nasr [name of excavation site, Iraq] people) around 3000 BC and, in the Americas, the agriculture-based Maya civilization, founded on the worship of an invisible Creator “God with three faces,” Kinich Ahau (also called Iz-tam-Na), symbolized by the sun. When the future Greeks try to unite city-states into a new Greek nation (6-4th century BC), they invite the magi to teach the first Classical Greek thinkers, Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Plato often remembered that he and Pythagoras learned the best and most noble teachings from the Magi” (Clement of Alexandria). Diogenes Laertius writes that the magi educated Aristotle, and taught him that “...the stars are on fire, that the Moon wanes because its shadow covers it; that the soul survives death; that the rain is caused by changes in the atmosphere...” and much more. (Further reading)

Unfortunately, most of the Scythians' records within reach of the Holy Roman Empire and its successors have been destroyed during the cultural genocide that began in the 10th century. The number of Scythian texts burned to ashes cannot even be estimated. The edict of 1047 (Hungary) bans—under penalty of “loss of head and property”—the “Ancient Scythian Religion” and “Pagan writing.” The cultural genocide includes the burning down of entire libraries, book repositories and family collections. During the Inquisition, tracking down and burning runic-written text—along with their safe-keepers, the magi and the Táltos—is the prime function of the bishops assigned to Hungary by the Holy See (“Táltos” is often [mis]translated as Shaman). The Austrian government commissions its agent, Stromler—who changes his name to Thallódzi when he is appointed to a leading position in the Hungarian Academy of Science—to seek out and destroy ancient Magyar cultural treasures (Magyar, Adorján). Leopold (Habsburg, 17th century) orders all of Hungary's 150 forts filled with historical records destroyed. When the German lawyer, Hunsdorfer (hungarianized name, Hunfalvy) is installed as chief librarian of the Hungarian Academy of Science, he has Szentkatolnai Bálint Gábor's (a talented Hungarian scholar who spoke more than 30 languages, [1844-1913]) entire collection of runic-written scriptures burned to ashes.

Save a period of sanity during the reign of (Hungarian) King Mátyás Hunyadi (15th century), the systematic destruction of the so-called “pagan culture” ordered by the Holy See goes on for a thousand years, not only in Hungary but throughout Europe. Runic-written correspondence between Prince Ferenc Rákóczi II and the Spanish Court disappears without trace from the Court's library (Fehér, Walter Anna), as are the “book written in Scythian letters” from the Library of the Duke of Florence, referenced by István Számosközi in 1592, and verified in 1595 by the Italian geographer, Antonius Maginus, and János Kájoni's study notes, dated 1673, dealing with “Hun-Magyar Runic Script” (Frederich, Klára). Even the magi's teachings of the sciences were attacked and banned during the West's Age of Ignorance—in which we still live today. Ignorant of the principles of agriculture, sanitation and hygiene, and the laws of Nature, Western Europeans could only watch helplessly as entire populations were wiped out when crops failed or diseases reached epidemic proportions (The English word magic [French, magie] derives from the magi's knowledge of the principles of health and agriculture, and of the laws of Nature they relied on to heal disease, improve crop yields, calculate and predict droughts, etc., abilities Western-Europeans did not understand). While no one knows how many millions of wood sticks and pages of paper written by the Scythian-Hun-Magyar-Hungarians have been destroyed, the above examples give us an idea of the scale of destruction. Yet, despite such efforts to rout their history, there is enough literature left on them to fill several university libraries (found, now-days, mostly in places beyond the reach of Western powers [e.g., the Far East]). However, the above should satisfy the needs of this study, so let us pick up their trail in 4th century BC Near East.

A wave of terror befalls the Scythians when Philip II of Macedon dies and his 20-year-old son, Alexander, becomes king. The young king inherits his father's huge armies and, enjoying his new powers, decides to go adventuring. What follows depends on who writes his history. Western historians like to call him Great, a military genius, and credit him with glorious conquests, monumental construction projects and the reorganization of the regions he conquers—undertakings that would span centuries—during his 13 year lark. Others consider him, at best, an undisciplined youth addicted to sadism—and other vices—who goes on a rampage of murderous destruction until even his battle-hardened soldiers find his passionate cruelty so repugnant, they kill him in 323 BC. Whatever his real history, the fact remains that, in just 13 years, he manages to destroy everything his father and grandfather spent their lives building, and thereby brings an end to the promise of an advanced Macedonian civilization (The Romans dismantle Macedon in 168 BC). The Scythians eventually emerge from their nightmare, form an alliance (Medes, Chaldeans and other kindred) and re-enter the stage of history in 256 BC as the Parthian Empire. (The term Parthian is a political definition, like American, whereas Scythian is a people such as Mayan. Parthian-Scythian is similar in meaning to American-Mayan.)

We begin our study of the Scythians' spirituality by looking up the Amarna texts (letters) dating from Kassita (Kusita) times (14th century BC), where we find Scythopolis as Bit-Sa-An ("House of Heaven Faces") near the ancient town of Bit-Lah-Mi ("Home of the Virgin of Light"), Bethlehem of Galilee. Therefore, it seems logical to conclude that the Scythians called themselves "People of Heaven Faces." This name gains further support in the Hungarian Chronicle, Tarihi Üngürüs: The Scythians, the twins (people) Hunor and Magor—who also consider Nib-Ur (Nimrod) their patriarch—set out from Adjem, that is, Elam. These people also refer to themselves by that name, as evidenced by the expression An-Sa-An (in cuneiform) meaning "Home of the Heaven Faces." Interestingly, another branch of the Scythians, the Szabirs, (Sumerians), who also consider themselves children of Nib-Ur (Nimrod), refer to themselves by a similar name, Sa-Pir, meaning "sun faced" people.

So far we know that the Scythians refer to themselves as people who turn their faces toward the heavens or the sun. We also know that a town near Scythopolis, Bethlehem, is formerly called the Home of the Virgin of Light, where the Virgin Mary gives birth to Jesus, the Son of Light, 1400 years after the Amarna texts (Letters) are written. So far, this place name supports the premise that Mary is the Virgin Mother Goddess incarnate, foretold in ancient coming of God prophecies of the “people of other faiths," whose mission is to conceive the Son of Light in compliance with, and fulfillment of the divine laws of nature. Since research to date could not determine Mary's birthplace, the logical inference is that Mary, Jesus' Mother, is also born here, in Bethlehem of Galilee. We can now expand our understanding of the Scythians' belief by discovering a motive to turn their faces toward the heavens or the sun: And that motive is reverence of the Light, Son of Light and Virgin of Light, a female deity they call Virgin Mother Goddess, who takes on human form to give birth to the incarnate Son of God.

This is how much we know of the Scythians' spirituality from the Bible and the writings referenced above. Other than references to Melchizedek and the destruction of "places of corruption" on "high places"—along with a repertoire of negative teachings about the "people of other faiths"—the Bible does not say much about the Scythians' belief. To find out more, we must seek sources of first-hand knowledge. And who could be better informed about the Scythians' beliefs than their own intellectuals, Jesus' closest students, his disciples? So let us first find out who they are, where do they teach, and what happened to their writings?

The Scythian, part 1
The Scythian, part 2
The Scythian, part 3
The Scythian, part 4
The Scythian, part 5
The Scythian, part 6